Inipol EAP 22 *
containing 2-butoxyethanol Poison!
Public health policy usually aims to keep the public's exposure to poisons
at least 100 times below levels known to harm humans or animals.
|Not the Best Fertilizer? *|
the company's MSDS dated 9-25-01
Composition * of Inipol EAP 22 is
originally - tri(laureth-4)-phosphate, current - phosphoric acid, dodecyl ester* -
and 2-Butoxy ethanol
Typical % by weight of 2-Butoxy ethanol is 10-12%
*Please Note that 7-28-89 when Inipol EPA 22 first came out, it was owned by Exxon and Exxon put out the MSDS. Only ingredient identified at that time was 2-butoxyethanol & the MSDS indicated no carcinogens above 1% of product.
Per other sources, there was tri(laureth-4)-phosphate -of which little is known - for phosphorus source... not phosphoric acid, dodecyl ester
All of these ingredients they state are identified as hazardous chemicals according to the criteria of the OSHA Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200). Also stated by the company (ATOFINA) that this material is classified as hazardous under Federal OSHA regulation; and the components of this product are all on the TSCA inventory list.
Prolonged exposure to high vapor concentrations can cause central nervous system depression....etc; the 2-butoxyethanol may cause red blood cell damage (hemolysis) based on animal data. Prolonged or repeated contact may remove oils from the skin, cause rash...Rats tested with this after 6 weeks showed red blood cell changes which resulted in spleen, liver and kidney effects including increased spleen and liver weight.... after 13 weeks tested animals also exhibited effects on blood (anemia), liver and spleen, ETC.
talks about the same things and use of personal respirators if exposure limits exceeded: full facepiece respirator * Also cautions that it can be inhaled or absorbed through the skin... causes eye irritation. Prolonged or repeated exposures affects central nervous system, blood and blood-forming organs, kidneys, liver and lymphoid system.
New Jersey Dept of Health and Sr Services Hazardous Substance Fact Sheet for
CAS Number: 11-76-2; DOT Number: UN 2369 Exposure may cause reproductive damage - birth defects or even the ability to have children for men as well as women; may damage the liver and kidneys. 2-Butoxy Ethanol is a colorless liquid. It is used as a solvent in making plastics
and in dry cleaning.
The federal OSHA Hazard Communication Standard, 1910.1200, requires private employers to provide training and information to their employees. Exposure to hazardous substances should be routinely evaluated. This may include collecting personal and area air samples. You can obtain copies of sampling results from your employer. You have a legal right to this information under OSHA 1910.1020. If you think you are experiencing any work-related health problems, see a doctor trained to recognize occupational diseases. Take the Fact Sheet with you..
OSHA: The legal airborne permissible exposure limit (PEL) is 50 ppm averaged over an 8-hr workshift.
NIOSH: The recommended airborne exposure limit is 5 ppm averaged over a 10 hour workshift.
ACGIH: The recommended airborne exposure limit is 20 ppm averaged over an 8-hour workshift.
* "The above exposure limits are for air levels only.
When skin contact also occurs, you may be overexposed,
even though air levels are less than the limits listed above."
Estimate 12 hour work days 14 days straight
for the bioremediation workers
of the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Cleanup, 1989 & 1990
For those with frequent or potentially high exposure long term health effects can occur years later.
(Cancer not tested for in animals... unknown.)
Should be regularly tested after high exposures for liver and kidney function tests.
The lower the Worker Exposure Standard number,
the more dangerous the chemicals
To lower currently approved exposure limits...also use of 2-butoxyethanol OSHA seeks Comments ***
regarding Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Cleanup Workers
of Inipol EAP 22:
George Prince, MSLS Gcp8@cdc.gov
ATSDR Information Center
Toxicology Information Branch
Division of Toxicology